Gangetic plain, Indus-Gangetic-Brahmaputra plain

Anfostar Team Wed Oct 19, 2022
Gangetic plain,   Indus-Gangetic-Brahmaputra plain
Gangetic plain

Indus-Gangetic-Brahmaputra plain

Triveni-Sangam, Prayagraj

Traveling about 800 km plain from Haridwar, the Ganga reaches Prayag (Prayagraj) via Bijnor, Garhmukteshwar, Soron, Farrukhabad, Kannauj, Bithoor, Kanpur.

Here it meets with Yamuna river. This Sangam site is an important pilgrimage for Hindus. It is called Teerthraj Prayag. After this, the Ganges takes a curve in the main salvation city of Hinduism, Kashi (Varanasi), from which here it is called Uttarvahini. From here it reaches Pakur via Mirzapur, Ghazipur, Patna, Bhagalpur.

Meanwhile, many tributaries like Son, Gandak, Saryu, Kosi etc. get mixed in it. It is to the south from the hills of 'Rajmahal' in Bhagalpur. Near the Giria place of Murshidabad district of West Bengal, the river Ganges splits into two branches- Bhagirathi and Padma. The Bhagirathi river starts flowing south from Giria while the Padma river flows south-east and enters Bangladesh after filtering through the Farakka Barrage (1974 built).

From here the deltaic part of the Ganges begins. From Murshidabad city to Hooghly city, the name of the Ganges is Bhagirathi River and from Hooghly city to its mouth, the name of the Ganges is Hooghly River. This plain of the Ganges is basically a geomorphic trough, which was formed mainly in the third phase of the Himalayan range formation process about 3-4 million years ago.

Since then it is being bridged by sediments brought with them by the Himalayas and the rivers originating from the peninsula. The average depth of alluvium in these plains is 1000 to 2000 m. Erosion and depositional topographies formed during the maturity of the river in this plain, such as sand-rodka, fissures, bunk lakes and gushing rivers are found.

In this valley of the Ganges, such a civilization originated and developed, whose ancient history is very glorious and glorious. Where such a ray of knowledge, religion, spirituality and civilization-culture erupted, which illuminated not only India, but the whole world.

Many evidences of the birth and development of the Stone Age have been found here. In this valley, the era of 'Ramayana' and 'Mahabharata' era originated and merged.

Information about the Ganga valley of the later Vedic period is obtained from the events described in Shatapatha Brahmin, Panchvish Brahmin, Gopatha Brahmin, Aitareya Aranyak, Kaushitki Aranyak, Sankhyayan Aranyak, Vajasnei Samhita and Mahabharata etc. The ancient Magadha Mahajanapada originated in the Ganges valley, from where the tradition of republics started for the first time in the world.

It was here that the golden age of India developed when the Maurya and Gupta dynasty kings ruled here.

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