Sunderbans Delta of Ganga

Anfostar Team Wed Oct 19, 2022
Sunderbans Delta of Ganga
Sunderbans Delta of Ganga


Sundarbans - the world's largest delta - the mouth of the Ganges - in the Bay of Bengal

The Ganges river confluences with the ocean in the Indian part of the Sundarbans via Kolkata, Howrah. In Padma, the branch river emerging from the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna river and the Meghna river meet.

Eventually it merges with the ocean in the Bay of Bengal by going 350 km wide in the Sundarbans Delta. This delta is a flat and low plain formed over 1,000 years by new alluvium brought by the Ganges and its tributaries.

There is a famous Hindu pilgrimage at the confluence of the Ganges and the Bay of Bengal, which is called Ganga-Sagar-Sangam. The world's largest delta (Sundarban) is home to many famous flora and the famous Bengal tiger.

This delta is slowly moving towards the ocean. Some time ago, Kolkata was situated on the sea coast and the ocean extended to Rajmahal and Sylhet, but now it is spread over an area of ​​about 1,80,000 square kilometers, located 15–20 miles (24–32 km) from the coast.

When the delta continues to expand towards the ocean, it is called a progressive delta. Due to the very low slope of the land in the Sundarban delta, the Ganges flows very slowly here and deposits the soil brought with it at the mouth, which increases the size of the delta and forms many streams and subdivisions of the river.

The main branch rivers of the Ganges thus formed are Jalangi River, Ichhamati River, Bhairav ​​River, Vidyadhari River and Kalindi River. Due to the curvilinear flow of the rivers, many arched lakes have been formed in the southern part. The slope is north to south, so most of the rivers flow from north to south.

These rivers are also called tidal rivers because of the flood water in these rivers at the time of tide. The reason for reaching the salt water of the sea in the far southern part of the delta is that this part is low, salty and marshy and is filled with forests of the easily growing mangrove species.

This delta is more famous for rice cultivation. Here the world's largest raw jute is produced.Katka Sanctuary is one of those areas of the Sundarbans, where the path passes through small canals.

A large number of beautiful trees are found here, due to which these forests have been named Sundarbans. Apart from this, there are such species of trees like Pardeva, Kevada, Tarmaja, Amlopi and Goran, which are found in the Sundarbans. A special feature of the forests here is that only those trees can grow or survive here, which can live in a mixture of sweet and salt water.

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