illustration (Krishna)

Anfostar Team Sun Sep 25, 2022
illustration  (Krishna)

Krishna represents many genres in Indian culture. He is usually depicted as Krishna, like Vishnu, with black or blue skin.

However, ancient and medieval inscriptions, both in India and Southeast Asia, and stone sculptures depict her in the natural color from which she is made.

In some texts, his skin is poetically described as the color of jambul (jamun, purple-coloured fruit).

Krishna is often depicted wearing a peacock-feather wreath or crown, and is often depicted playing the bansuri (Indian flute). In this form, he is usually depicted with one leg in front of the other in the Tribhanga posture.

Sometimes he is accompanied by a cow or a calf, which represents the symbol of Govinda, the shepherd.

In other depictions, they are a part of the battle scenes of the epic Mahabharata. There he is shown as a charioteer, especially when he is addressing the Pandava prince, Arjuna, who symbolically recites the Bhagavad Gita, a scripture of Hinduism.

In these popular depictions, Krishna sometimes appears in front as a guide, either as a visionary, sometimes as a chariot driver.

Alternate depictions of Krishna show him as a child (Bal Krishna), a child crawling on his hands and knees, dancing, stealing butter from fellow Gwal Baal (butter thief), holding laddus in his hands A supernatural baby who appears to be sucking on his toe while carrying in (Laddoo Gopal) or floating on a banyan leaf at the time of catastrophe.

(The disintegration of the universe as described by sage Markandeya) Regional variations are seen in the image of Krishna in his various forms, such as Jagannatha in Odisha, Vitthal or Vithoba in Maharashtra.

Shrinathji in Rajasthan, Dwarkadhish in Gujarat and Guruvairuppan in Kerala, among other depictions, shows him with Radha who is considered a symbol of the divine love of Radha and Krishna.

He is also shown in the form of Vishwaroop in the Kurukshetra war in which he has many faces and all the people are going in his face. He is also shown with his friend Sudama which is a symbol of friendship.

Guidelines for Krishna icons and sculptures in architecture are described in medieval age Hindu temple arts such as the Vaikhanasa Agama, Vishnu Dharmatottara Purana, Brihat Samhita and Agni Purana.

Similarly, the early Tamil texts of the medieval era also include sculptures of Krishna and Rukmini. Many sculptures made as per these guidelines are in the collection of Government Museum, Chennai.

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